Terminoloji

ASHİHARA KARATE JAPONCA TÜRKÇE TERMİNOLOJİ

JAPONCA                                               TÜRKÇE 

TE WAZA                                            EL TEKNİKLERİ

Tsuki                                                     İtmek,itiş
Gyaku tsuki                                          Ters itiş
Ago uchi                                                Çeneye vuruş
Shotei uchi                                            Avuç ayası ile vuruş
Mawashi uchi                                       Dönerek vuruş
Shita zuki (uchi)                                   Alta,alttan vuruş
Hiji uchi                                                 Dirsek vuruşu
Uraken uchi                                          Ters yumruk vuruşu
Otoshi hiji uchi                                     Düşüşüne dirsek vuruşu
Tetsui uchi                                            Çekiç Yumruk
Mawashi Shuto uchi                            Döndürerek elin kes.tarafı ile vuruş
Gedan barai                                         Alt seviye blok
Soto uke                                                 Dış blok
Uchi uke                                                İç blok
Jodan uke                                              Üst seviye blok
Uchi uke-gedan barai                          Alt’a,iç’e blok
Mawashi uke                                         Dönen blok
Hirate-de utsu                                       Tokat atmak
Ken                                                        Yumruk
Tsuku (Tsuki)                                       Dürtmek-kakmak-itmek

ASHI NO BUROKKU                        BACAK-AYAK BLOKLARI

Hiza Blok                                               Diz blok
Eguru hiza burokku (sune uke)        Delen-delici blok
Sasu hiza burokku                              Saplayarak diz blok
Mawashi hiza burokku                       Döndürerek diz blok
Hiji-hiza daburu burokku                    Diz ve dirsek  çift blok
Suteppu kara hiza burokku                İlerleyerek diz blok

KERİ WAZA                                        AYAK TEKNİKLERİ

Mae geri (keri)                                       Ön tekme
Mawashi geri                                         Döndürerek-Döner tekme
Gedan mawashi geri                            Alt seviye dönerek tekme
Uchi momo geri                                    İç baldır tekme
Kansetsu geri                                        Eklem tekme
Kake geri                                                Kilit-kanca tekme
Hiza geri                                                 Diz vuruşu
Tsuki ageru hiza geri                           Alttan yukarıya iterek diz vuruşu
Sasu hiza geri                                       Saplayarak diz vuruşu
Mawashi hiza geri                                Döner diz vuruşu
Mae geri age (mae keage)                 Öne,yukarıya kaldırarak tekme
Sankaku geri                                         Üçgen  tekme vuruş
Yoko geri                                                Yan tekme
Ushiro geri                                             Art-geri tekme
Ushiro mawashi geri                           Arkaya döner tekme
Ushiro mawashi kake geri                 Arkaya döner kanca tekme
Tobi ushiro mawashi geri                  Uçarak arkaya döner tekme
Tobi mae geri                                       Uçarak ön tekme
Hikkake geri  (gedan)                         Kilitleme tekme
Tomeri geri                                            Durdurma tekmesi
Ashi kae-ru                                            Ayak değiştirme

Henji waza                                             Cevap teknik
Sokudo renshu                                      Hız çalışması
Shime renshu                                        Kilitleme çalışması
Hannoo renshu                                     Reaksiyon çalışması

Yoi                                                          Hazır
Dachi                                                     Denge-Duruş
Suwaru (Suwatte)                               Oturmak
Tachi ageru (Tachi agatte)                Kalkmak
Kamae                                                  Gard
Kumite                                                  Müsabaka-Maç
Kumite no kamae                               Müsabaka gard’ı
Kumite ni yori                                       Katanın eşli çalışması
Chokusetsu                                         Direkt

Kenka                                                    Kavga-Dövüş
Senshi                                                   Savaşcı
Ashi                                                       Bacak
Ude                                                        Kol
Hara                                                      Karın
Karada                                                  Vücut

Shuto                                                     Kılıç
Atama                                                    Kafa-Baş
kakato                                                   Topuk
Ashi yubi                                               Ayak parmağı
Te yubi                                                  El parmağı
Gedan                                                    Alt seviye
Chudan                                                 Orta seviye
Jodan                                                     Üst seviye
Kihon                                                    Temel
Kata                                                       Form
Aite                                                        Rakip
Uke Tori                                               Atağı karşılayan
Mikiri                                                     Öngörüş-kararlılık
Zazen                                                     Meditasyon
Soto                                                        Dış
Uchi                                                        İç
Nage                                                       Fırlatmak-atmak
Maki komi nage                                   Çekip sarmalayıp,fırlatıp atmak
Ura nage                                               Ters fırlatmak
Renshu                                                  Antrenman
Shita                                                       Alt-Alta
Ago                                                        Çene
Maai                                                      Mesafe
Maai no sabaki                                    Mesafe kontrolü
Uke                                                        Karşılamak
Uchi                                                       Vuruş
Do                                                          Eğitimin yolu
En no ugoki                                          Dairevi hareketler

Hitotsu no rain                                     1.Yol-Hat
Futatsu no rain                                     2.Yol-Hat
Mitsu no rain                                        3.Yol-Hat
Yotsu no rain                                        4.Yol-Hat

Saido Bakku                                       Geri ve yan pozisyonlar
Jissen                                                  Gerçek
Waza                                                    Teknik
Kohai                                                   Kıdemsiz-Acemi
Senpai                                                 Kıdemli-Üst
Sensei                                                 Öğretmen-Eğitimci
Shihan                                                 Üstad öğretmen
Kancho                                                Müdür
Honbu                                                 Merkez-Başkanlık
Dojo                                                     Okul
Tatami                                                 Maç ve Antrenman yapılan özel alan

Kokusai                                               Uluslar arası
Budo                                                    Savaş sanatı
Kai                                                        Toplantı-Bir araya gelme
Kan                                                       idare merkezi-Bina

Fumu-Keru                                          Tekme
Fumu                                                    Tekmelemek
Gijutsu                                                  Tekknik
Tomeru                                                 Durdurmak-kesmek
Naguru                                                  Dövmek-vurmak
Yukkuri                                                  Yavaş
Choten                                                  Doruk – en son nokta-zirve
Shoshinsha                                         Acemi
Meijin                                                    Üstad
Renshu suru                                       Alıştırma yapmak
Assaku                                                 Basınç-bastırmak sıkıştırmak
Otogai ni                                               Biribirine
Kugi o utsu                                          Çivilemek

Kaeri                                                     Dönüş
Yameru                                                Durmak
Kokyuu-shin kokyuu                          Nefes
Shimpo suru                                       İlerlemek
Yasumu-nde                                       Dinlenmek
Suwaru                                                 Oturmak
Agaru                                                    Kalkmak
Tate                                                       Kalkan
Hokku                                                   Kanca
Hombu                                                  Karargah
Tagai no                                                Karşılıklı
Jibun                                                      Kendi
Kizamu                                                   Kesmek
Dooyoo suru                                         Kımıldamak
Kantoku suru                                        Kontrol etmek
Mamoru                                                 Korunmak
Makasu                                                  Mağlup etmek
Enshuu                                                  Manevra
Hantai                                                    Mukavemet
Shigansha                                            Namzet
Gi o naoru                                             Elbise düzeltmek
Mannaka                                               Orta
Gakusei                                                Öğrenci
Soko                                                      Taban                                                 ****